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how to date old axe heads
I’ve always had a passion for axes. Since that time, for over 45 years, I’ve used and collected all kinds of axes and adzes in my professional work restoring historic buildings and structures. We cannot explore everything there is to know about axes in this publication. What I would like to share with you is a brief background on the development of axes, the hanging and sharpening of axes, how to use an ax, and detailed information on certain ax patterns.
An axe is an ancient tool, with a rich history of uses including felling dig holes to set new plants in or break up resistant roots of old plants. that has a sharp cutting blade, but the original adze dates back to the Stone Age.
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Check out masthof. Illustrated story of the revolution of the axe and its varied uses with photos from the author’s collection and museums. Identifies the great variety of North American axes, dating from the Colonial period to the present. Detailed drawings and diagrams of construction and production of basic types of axes are also pictured, along with a list of all known American axe manufacturers since the 18th century, and notes on the care of axes.
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Ground Stone Artifacts
The first ready-to-use axes produced in the United States came from the Connecticut-based Collins Company, which was founded in the early s. Throughout its year history, the company produced and sold axes, machetes, and other edge tools to most of the world. Collins were born into a wealthy family. Their father, Alexander Collins, was a lawyer in Middletown and their mother Elizabeth was from the well-to-do mercantile Watkinson family of Hartford.
Antique Axes (4) and Axe Heads (3) | WOW! LOOK! Maplewood Industrial Antiques, Salvage, Nutting Cart, Railroad Carts, Primitive Tools and MORE | K-BID.
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Vintage Axe Maker’s Marks
Axes and other edge tools have been manufactured in central Pennsylvania since before William Mann Jr. Throughout this lengthy period, the businesses endured despite personal illness, early deaths, family disputes, financial difficulties, and fire and flood disasters that often struck axe works. William Jr. Three years later in , they moved to Boiling Spring now Axemann and built a modern forge on land purchased from Judge Thomas Burnside.
You can find more information on their vintage Axe page, including a few old PDF copies of catalogs. Often, however, you can estimate.
There have been some twenty axe forges in Sweden, most of these started around Today, there are few left. Otto was very technically talented, was appointed foreman and immediately took responsibility for the production and development of the company. Also, the proximity to the iron and steel was an advantage. This place has held some kind of forging business since many centuries. Already the two old water wheels were replaced. But still forging was very simple — a blacksmith was busy forging 20 — 30 axes per day.
If you make the assumption that the three blacksmiths forged 25 axes per day for days, it was still an annual production of 20 axes.
Vintage and Artisan Axes
The Happisburgh Hand Axe. It is a beautiful object. The flint is black in this area of Norfolk — it is not grey as you might think — and someone has gone to enormous lengths to make it beautiful. The Happisburgh hand axe was found relatively recently, in , and its discovery meant that we actually found evidence for human occupation in this country , years earlier than previously thought, so it has rewritten the history books.
It was found by a man walking his dog on the beach on the north Norfolk coast at Happisburgh; the area is undergoing coastal erosion which means things are being exposed for the first time.
American Axes: A Survey of Their Development and Their Makers [Henry J. Kauffman] #94 in Power Tools (Books); # in Americana Antiques & Collectibles.
From planes and saws to levels, wrenches, and rules, antique hand tools are the pride and joy of many a collectors’ possessions. Depending on the condition of the tool and its type, a good tool can be worth a few hundred dollars. Whether you are a novice collector or are looking to add specific pieces to your collection, this handy guide will give you the basics of collecting antique hand tools. Wood planes are one of the most popular collectible hand tools around. They are used to hold a chisel stationary so that the woodworker can thin or shape boards of wood.
Until planes were mass produced, many carpenters made their planes themselves, bought blades from blacksmiths, and carved decorations or initials into the plane. These are especially valuable. In addition, collectors may want to watch for these details as well:. There are numerous styles of vintage saws that may be of interest to collectors. Disston is a noted manufacturer of antique handsaws, and you can tell a Disston saw by the stamped name on the spine and a gold medallion on the handle bearing a small insignia.
Maine Memory Network
The specific years involved are questionable but the discontinuance of the mark could have been influenced by the material restrictions during WW II or the reduction in wood chopping competition events. Initially the mark was to commemorate the achievements of Peter McLaren as a champion wood chopper. McLaren was from Melbourne, Australia.
Apparently he was using a Plumb axe when he captured the wood chopping title in that country. Not long thereafter Plumb started to use advertisements touting McLaren’s choice of axes.
The red and with a decent lookin Craftsman Axes Antique Axe referencepicture that lists all of Sept. And Rules About NonSmoker with no mention this browser.
The axe was slightly heavier and more robust and it had a slightly shorter spike, but retained the almost flat cross- section and integral side langets. It adopted a flared blade with curved edge which was better for cutting at variable angles and at deck level. See Function and Form page. Although the blade is flared, the curve is cut short by a small straight section at the top and bottom which gives the axe its distinctive shape.
There are two versions of this axe, which are visually indistinguishable. The Mark 1 is made from iron, like the tomahawk, with a steel insert to form the blade edge. Although no other change was specified a Pattern axe was made to govern future manufacture.
Companies either threw out print material or had it accidentally destroyed by flooding and fires. You can find more information on their vintage Axe p age, i ncluding a few old PDF copies of catalogs. It was first started in as a poll stamp and was used until the s. Referenced in their catalog excerpt below.
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An axe is an ancient tool, with a rich history of uses including felling trees, hunting animals, and weaponry. Today, the axe is most commonly used in the yard or outdoor pursuits, such as camping, but the type of axe you need will depend on the purpose you intend for it. The most popular axe used today is the felling axe, which is also known as the American axe.
These patterns include the following. This pattern is named after Dayton, Ohio. It has a curved blade with a gentle flare. It is a popular pattern that is ideal for general outdoor ax jobs. This axe is a common shape for felling axes, having originally risen to popularity in the s. It has a curved head, which is ideal for chopping large trees and dense wood types.